Also known as ‘porous bone’, OP is a disease that is characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue. It is estimated that OP is the cause of 1.5 million fractures each year, and currently affects an estimated 44 million Americans, and more than 200 million globally.
Osteoporosis is diagnosed when bones lose their bone density, becoming brittle, leading to a higher chance of fractures. Although osteoporosis affects all of the bones in your body, the most common sites of fracture are the hip, the vertebrae and the wrist. It is much less intensive to prevent osteoporosis in the first place, rather than instigating osteoporosis treatment, once it has been diagnosed.
Women are at a higher risk than men for developing osteoporosis. Women that are in older age brackets who have experienced menopause, that have small bone frames, that have a family history of osteoporosis, being of white or Asian descent, having some disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes or anorexia nervosa, or taking certain medications such as glucocorticoids, some antiseizure medicines, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, antiacids that contain aluminum and some cancer treatments, have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Controllable factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol intake, low dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D and leading a sedentary lifestyle can also contribute to a higher incidence of osteoporosis.
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